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Christopher Clarkson become the first British pilot to fly the Bell P-400 Airacobra despite Britain having inherited a French order for 170 aircraft, later expanded to 675 aircraft.
Bell P-39 Airacobra, Robert F. Dorr with Jerry C. Scutts (Crowood Aviation). A detailed looked at the development and service history of this controversial American fighter aircraft. The P-39 had a poor reputation amongst British and American pilots, and Dorr examines the reasons why, as well as looking at why the same aircraft was so much more popular in Soviet Service. Scutts provides a chapter on the P-63 Kingcobra, and the book also covers the numerous Bell fighter projects that failed to enter production.
Wheels West Day in Susanville History – December 30, 1940
Water in Honey Lake, near Susanville, and one of the Honey Lake Valley’s principal assets to farmers and hunters alike, is diminishing at such a rapid pace that it is expected to go dry again, either this or next year.
The water at its deepest point is now only 10.7 feet, according to C. R. Caudle, scientist, engineer and geologist, who resides eight miles of the lake and has studied it for over a quarter of a century.
In 1914 the water level was an even 12 feet deep, but since then it has gradually diminished, due to great evaporation. Caudle contends that the lake loses seven inches of water a month by evaporation and that 95 per cent of the annual loss of Honey Lake water is due to evaporation.
The rainfall to date this year has been far above normal, according to Caudle, measuring 9.72 inches, exclusive of the torrential rains which have fallen in that area within the past 48 hours. If this rate of precipitation continues the lake may continue to carry some water for another year or so.
Caudle claims that there has been a dry era, covering a number of years, in which much of the state has suffered. If this dry era breaks, all streams and lakes will return to normal.
Honey Lake is specially beneficial for its irrigation facilities and as a refuge and propagation ground for wild fowl. Its drying up will be keenly felt by hundreds of scattered farms of the area.
Links to other podcasts
Australian Naval History Podcasts
This podcast series examines Australia’s Naval history, featuring a variety of naval history experts from the Naval Studies Group and elsewhere.
Produced by the Naval Studies Group in conjunction with the Submarine Institute of Australia, the Australian Naval Institute, Naval Historical Society and the RAN Seapower Centre
Life on the Line Podcasts
Life on the Line tracks down Australian war veterans and records their stories.
These recordings can be accessed through Apple iTunes or for Android users, Stitcher.
On This Day in History, 30 декабрь
The South Pacific Ocean Islands changed their time zone and move west of the international dateline to align their time zone with their major trading partners, Australia and New Zealand. In doing so, they skipped December 30 and moved directly from December 29 to December 31. 119 years ago, Samoa had made a similar shift, eastwards of the dateline, to synchronize its time with the United States. Today, Samoa follows West Samoa Time, which is 13 hours ahead of UTC.
2006 Saddam Hussein executed
The deposed president of Iraq was hanged after he was found guilty of crimes against humanity. Hussein was the fifth president of Iraq and came to power after a coup in 1968.
2004 Highest barometric pressure recorded
At 2 am local time, the atmospheric pressure in Tosontsengel, Mongolia rose to 846.5 hPa (adjusted for height above sea level).
1995 Lowest temperature ever recored in the UK
Altnaharra, a small hamlet in northern Scotland, recorded a temperature of −27.2°C (-16.96 degrees Fahrenheit). The temperature had dipped this low once before in the UK - in Braemar, East Scotland on January 10, 1982
1947 Last king of Romania steps down
Michael I was forced to abdicate by the Communist Party of Romania. His first reign over the country was in 1927 as a 6-year old, and it lasted only 3 years until 1930. He was then reinstalled in 1940.
Today in History: Dec. 29In 1845, Texas was admitted as the 28th state. (Thinkstock) In 1890, the Wounded Knee massacre took place in South Dakota as an estimated 300 Sioux Indians were killed by U.S. troops sent to disarm them. (AP Photo) In 1940, during World War II, Germany dropped incendiary bombs on London, setting off what came to be known as “The Second Great Fire of London.”
Here, Newgate Street, in the old section of London, is cluttered with firehoses and debris after the firebombing “blitz” raid by the Nazis, Dec. 29, 1940. (AP Photo)In 1972, Eastern Air Lines Flight 401, a Lockheed L-1011 Tristar, crashed into the Florida Everglades near Miami International Airport, killing 101 of the 176 people aboard. (AP Photo/Joe Migon) On Dec. 29, 1975, a bomb exploded in the main terminal of New York’s LaGuardia Airport, killing 11 people (it’s never been determined who was responsible). (AP Photo) In 1967, Hyundai Motor Co. was founded in Seoul, South Korea.
FILE – In this Oct. 26, 2017, file photo, the logo of Hyundai Motor Co. is seen on a car displayed at the automaker’s showroom in Seoul, South Korea. Hyundai Motor Co. union spokesman Hong Jae-gwan said Tuesday, Nov. 28, 2017, that about 1,950 workers, or 4 percent of its union members, stopped work Monday at a plant in Ulsan, 380 kilometers (236 miles) southeast of Seoul. He said there was no plan to expand the partial strike into a full-blown one. (AP Photo/Lee Jin-man, File)
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Today is Dec. 29, the 363rd day of 2018.
Today’s Highlight in History:
On Dec. 29, 1940, during World War II, Germany dropped incendiary bombs on London, setting off what came to be known as “The Second Great Fire of London.”
In 1170, Thomas Becket, the Archbishop of Canterbury, was slain in Canterbury Cathedral by knights loyal to King Henry II.
In 1808, the 17th president of the United States, Andrew Johnson, was born in Raleigh, North Carolina.
In 1845, Texas was admitted as the 28th state.
In 1890, the Wounded Knee massacre took place in South Dakota as an estimated 300 Sioux Indians were killed by U.S. troops sent to disarm them.
In 1910, the capital of Oklahoma was moved from Guthrie to Oklahoma City as the state legislature approved a bill which was signed by Gov. Charles N. Haskell. (Although the move was challenged in court, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the action.)
In 1967, Hyundai Motor Co. was founded in Seoul (sohl), South Korea.
In 1972, Eastern Air Lines Flight 401, a Lockheed L-1011 Tristar, crashed into the Florida Everglades near Miami International Airport, killing 101 of the 176 people aboard.
In 1975, a bomb exploded in the main terminal of New York’s LaGuardia Airport, killing 11 people (it’s never been determined who was responsible).
In 1978, during the Gator Bowl, Ohio State University coach Woody Hayes punched Clemson player Charlie Bauman, who’d intercepted an Ohio State pass. (Hayes was fired by Ohio State the next day.)
In 1986, former British Prime Minister Harold Macmillan died in Sussex, England, at age 92.
In 1992, New York Governor Mario Cuomo (KWOH’-moh) commuted the prison sentence of Jean Harris, the convicted killer of “Scarsdale Diet” author Herman Tarnower.
In 2006, word reached the United States of the execution of former Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein (because of the time difference, it was the morning of Dec. 30 in Iraq when the hanging took place). In a statement, President George W. Bush called Saddam’s execution an important milestone on Iraq’s road to democracy.
In 2008: Illinois Gov. Rod Blagojevich’s lawyer responded to impeachment charges, saying a vague array of charges and evidence did not merit removing his client from office. Somali President Abdullahi Yusuf resigned, saying he had lost control of the country to Islamic insurgents. The African Union suspended Guinea after a coup in the West African nation. Grammy-winning jazz musician Freddie Hubbard died in Sherman Oaks, Calif., at age 70. French fashion designer Ted Lapidus died in Cannes at age 79.
In 2013: The first of two suicide bombings that claimed the lives of 32 victims in the southern Russian city of Volgograd took place in a train station (the second blast occurred on a bus the next day).
In 2017: Puerto Rico authorities said nearly half of the power customers in the U.S. territory still lacked electricity, more than three months after Hurricane Maria.
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The Decade 1930-1940
The stock market crash of 1929 and the severe economic depression that followed naturally affected the publishing industry and the careers of illustrators. Book publishing suffered, with many publishers scaling back production and illustration commissions. To save costs in printing, the use of full-color illustrations inside books was limited. Instead, publishers commissioned line drawings from printmakers like Rockwell Kent and pen artists like Robert Lawson.
Robert Lawson, book illustration, Pilgrim's Progress, 1939
Magazines were always popular because of their relatively low cost and pass-along factor, but with reduced budgets there wasn&rsquot much room for young illustration talent in the business. Established artists like J.C. Leyendecker and Dean Cornwell had plenty of assignments, though, because as always, their work&mdashand their names&mdashhelped to sell publications. Traditional painters of narrative realism like Pruett Carter lent a classic, distinguished look to magazine fiction while contemporary water-colorists Mario Cooper, Floyd Davis, Harry Beckhoff, and cartoonist/illustrators like Wallace Morgan used stylizations that fit the times.
Pruett Carter, magazine illustration
Mario Cooper, magazine illustration
Floyd Davis, magazine illustration
Wallace Morgan, magazine illustration
Harry Beckhoff, magazine illustration
The illustration profession in the United States was also attracting international talent, including French-born poster artist Jean Carlu and Mexican caricaturist Miguel Covarrubias, who provided social and political satire on the pages of Vanity Fair magazine, which, in the 1930s was the primary literary and entertainment publication.
Jean Carlu, cover illustration, 1931
Miguel Covarrubias, cover illustration, Vanity Fair magazine, 1933
However, illustrated magazines were no longer America&rsquos only form of entertainment. There was radio programming, which could be enjoyed for free, that presented drama, music, comedy, and world news. Even more importantly, the movie industry had grown substantially, with the number of films released increasing along with the number of theaters. Every town and city in America had a movie theater and the actors and actresses coming to life on the screens had great celebrity. Movie magazines, also called "screen" magazines, featured cover illustrations of beautiful actresses, and artists like Rolf Armstrong were extremely popular for creating portraits and "pin-ups." Hollywood presented entertainment and glamour on a grand scale that provided escape from the troubled times of the Great Depression.
Rolf Armstrong, cover portrait of actress Constance Bennett, 1931
The ambitious Walt Disney turned his studio from making popular cartoon shorts like Steamboat Willie in 1928, the first sound cartoon, toward making full-length animated feature films, with Snow White beginning production in 1934 (released in 1937) and Pinocchio in 1936 (released in 1940). As inspiration for the animated drawings of Pinocchio, the Disney studio commissioned conceptual renderings by Swedish-American book illustrator Gustaf Tenggren. Tenggren also worked in a simplified second illustration style meant for children when he created art for the publishers of Little Golden Books (Poky Little Puppy). This decade was exceptional in terms of works for children. The Disney films and animated shorts (featuring Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, etc.) were not the only cartoon films being created in those years. Warner Bros. produced the "Merry Melodies" series and also "Looney Tunes," which gave the public Porky Pig, Daffy Duck, and Bugs Bunny. The list of classic children's picture books created by artist/writers in this decade is also extraordinary and includes the works of Jean de Brunhoff (Babar), Ludwig Bemelmans (Madeline), Hans Augusto Rey (Curious George), Dr. Seuss (Horton Hatches the Egg), and Virginia Lee Burton (Mike Mulligan and His Steam Shovel).
Gustaf Tenggren, concept art, Walt Disney's Pinnochio, 1936
30 December 1940 - History
Just an curiosity question for me - What is story behind December 30, 1899 as base date? I saw John Vinston made metion that it was Date 0 for Access. I was curious why this date was choosen for date 0.
Actually for the people here there is a little bit of a story about thus date choice.
Logically a good starting date with the January 1, 1900, so why a off that date?
It turns out that many years ago Lotus 123 was one of the more popular spreadsheets in the marketplace. It also turns out that Lotus 123 had a date calculation bug in which it assumed that the year 1900 was a leap year.
So for issues of compatibility and making the calculations remain the same across the two products, Excel by design and on purpose adopted the same date calculation bug!
So when they were setting up the date calculations system for VBA, there was a decision made to offset it by one day, as that would result in the same number of days between two different dates as what you get in Excel and Lotus.
So in theory I can't really say the above is 100% true, but they simply just offset it by one day to be different and to reduce the confusion issue.
There is some explains and details here:
So, there is little bit of interesting history here, and it comes down to that January 1, 1900 really is a more logical choice, but above issues made this turn out different.
Gee, maybe I should read that link!
The value of 0 is NOT 1899.
You note that the value of 1 is 1899, 0 in the above returns no date at all. So, my "guess" about the 1<sup>st</sup> day being offset by one seems reasonable, but I would not quote me as a expert on the above -)
All the Most Popular Christmas Songs Are From the s and s
In case you were wondering which songs you’re most likely to hear played on loop at the mall starting in mid-October, the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers has released its list of the top 30 most performed holiday songs of all time. ASCAP aggregated historical data from radio, TV and Internet sources (taking into account all recorded versions of each song) to determine which Christmas tunes are our very favorites.
Here’s where it gets interesting. Take a look at the distribution of these songs by the decade they emerged—considering, as ASCAP does, the year each song was first “released, performed or published.”
The most popular song of all, 1934’s “Santa Claus Is Coming to Town,” is tied with “Winter Wonderland” for the list’s oldest. The year 1958 saw three new standards emerge, the most iconic holiday songs to debut in any one year: “Jingle Bell Rock,” “Little Drummer Boy” and “Rockin’ Around the Christmas Tree.” And the youngest songs on the list are “All I Want for Christmas Is You,” which turns 20 this year, and “Last Christmas,” a spry 30.
But indisputably, World War II and the immediate post-war years represented something of a golden age for Christmas music, with the 1940s and 1950s accounting for nearly two thirds of ASCAP’s most popular songs. This may seem trivial: The older a song is, the more opportunities time will have afforded it to be performed again and again. But ASCAP’s century-spanning list contains only three songs from the s, and none from the s or s. The s and s yielded just three per decade (though how exactly Donny Hathaway’s “This Christmas” made the list over John Lennon’s 1971 classic “Happy Xmas (War Is Over)” is a tragic mystery).
So what was different about the s? For one thing, that’s when the world heard “White Christmas” for the first time. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, Bing Crosby’s 1942 version of the song (written by Irving Berlin, who was Jewish) is the best-selling single in history. In a departure from traditional carols, the lyrics are secular—like almost every song on this list, “White Christmas” has about as much to do with Jesus as “Happy Birthday”—yet fundamentally nostalgic, which was presumably a source of comfort to a nation in the midst of a horrible war. In fact, the single made its way onto the Armed Forces Radio playlist, which made it a sentimental favorite of GIs stationed abroad and cemented its place in the public consciousness. And then those GIs had 76 million babies.
It’s hardly a stretch to think that, considering the spate of popular Christmas songs that hit the radio in the years that followed, savvy songwriters let Berlin’s mega-hit be their guide. Here’s ASCAP’s complete list:
1. “Santa Claus Is Coming to Town” (1934)
2. “The Christmas Song (Chestnuts Roasting on an Open Fire)” (1946)
3. “White Christmas” (1941)
4. “Winter Wonderland” (1934)
5. “Have Yourself a Merry Little Christmas” (1944)
6. “Sleigh Ride” (1948)
7. “Jingle Bell Rock” (1958)
8. “Rudolph the Red-Nosed Reindeer” (1949)
9. “Let It Snow! Let It Snow! Let It Snow!” (1945)
10. “I’ll Be Home for Christmas” (1943)
11. “Little Drummer Boy” (1958)
12. “Silver Bells” (1950)
13. “Rockin’ Around the Christmas Tree” (1958)
14. “Frosty the Snowman” (1950)
15. “Blue Christmas” (1949)
16. “It’s the Most Wonderful Time of the Year” (1963)
17. “It’s Beginning to Look a Lot Like Christmas” (1951)
18. “Here Comes Santa Claus (Right Down Santa Claus Lane)” (1947)
A Twentieth Century Church-State (in Illinois)
Zion City was a utopian religious community founded in July 1901 by John Alexander Dowie, an evangelical minister and pioneer of Pentecostalism in the United States. Dowie emigrated from Australia in 1888, and eventually settled in Chicago where, in 1893, he established a ministry near the World’s Columbian Exposition. Central to Dowie’s ministry was the practice of faith healing, and it proved enormously popular. He soon formed a publishing company to issue his sizable output of periodicals, books, and pamphlets…[read more]