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A group of Italian archaeologists has found the Door to hell, a cave that, according to Greek and Roman mythology, it is a portal to the underworld. Archaeologists worked on the ancient city of Phrygia in Hierapolis, in present-day Turkey, and described the cave as a hole filled with lethal gases.
The portal, known in Greco-Roman antiquity as the Gate of Pluto (Plutonium) was a well-known pilgrimage site that appears in the Cicero's writings and from Greek geographer Strabo. Thanks to these historical records, archaeologists have long known that this particular gate to hell existed somewhere in the middle of the ruins of Hierapolis, but they had been unable to find its exact location. It was also the place where the priests spent the night to receive the visions that the gods sent them.
The truth is that Pluto's Gate It is a natural phenomenon, an opening in the earth's crust from which numerous toxic gases, also known as gases, escape "mephitics”, By the ancient Samnite goddess Mephitis. However, these gases can cause instant death for those who breathe them.
These harmful portals They are found all over the world, although this is the coldest. A Turkmenistan Hell Gate It has been burning for more than 40 years.
The discovery was announced this month at an Italian archeology conference in Istanbul. Francesco D’Andria, professor of classical archeology at the University of Salento and leader of the expedition, told Discovery News: “We discovered the gates when reconstructing the route of the hot springs. In fact, the Pamukkale springs originate from this cave”.
The Visions of the priests were actually hallucinations caused by breathing the toxic fumes of the cave. In addition to the pool, archaeologists found a temple, stairs, columns, and a dedication to the goddess Persephone and the god Pluto, deities of the underworld. According to experts, the ancient Greeks used to place birds on the doors to watch them die, although other animals were brought there as part of rituals.
Doors appear in various ancient texts, as Strabo, a Greek historian from 24 BC, who wrote: “This place is so steamy that it is very foggy and dense. The ground can be seen with difficulty. Any animal that passes meets instant death”.
Archaeologists are conducting digital reconstructions of the site, since the objects and columns were destroyed by Christians in the 6th century AD. and possibly the earthquakes ended up collapsing the site completely.
Almost graduated in Advertising and Public Relations. I started to like history in 2nd year of high school thanks to a very good teacher who made us see that we have to know our past to know where the future takes us. Since then I have not had the opportunity to investigate more in all that our history offers us, but now I can take up that concern and share it with you.