The Greek War of Independence in 1821

The Greek War of Independence in 1821

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The greek revolution of 1821 arose in the climate of the Revolutions of 1820 but it had a very different look from that of other countries. The differences between Greek nation and the Ottoman Empire they were more than evident, so the Greeks, led by Alexander Ypsilantis and Dimitros Ypsilantis, proclaimed the independence of Greece in 1822 in the theater of Epidaurus (Greece).

From here there would be a chain reaction. On the one hand, the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire he allied with Egypt to alleviate the Greek rebellion. This caused that the United Kingdom, France and Russia supported Greece militarily. However, the support was not enough, as they were fighting practically alone. The reason is that, although when the revolution broke out, Whole Europe was shocked by the atrocities carried out by the Ottoman Empire, the governments of France and the United Kingdom distrusted the intentions of Russia and the veracity of the conflict. In short, the first battles were Ottoman massacres that met little resistance from the Greeks.

The problem was compounded when the existing split within the Greek leaders, who were not capable of forming a stable government, was coupled with the Egyptian meddling in favor of the Turks. It seemed that all was lost, but in 1827, against all odds, the Hellenes succeeded in passing a Republican constitution in the National Assembly.

That same year, European powers They agreed to intervene in the Balkan area and eliminated the Turkish fleet on October 20, 1827. Taking advantage of this situation, the French army traveled to Greece to support the Greek rebels militarily. Meanwhile, the Russians exerted significant economic and military pressure that drowned the Turks.

The situation was impossible to maintain, so the Ottoman Empire asked for a peace treaty. This was consummated with the signature of the Treaty of Adrianople in 1829, which ended the Russo-Turkish wars and possible Russian aspirations in southeastern Europe. In addition, the Ottoman Empire agreed to grant independence to Greece and allow free transit through the Straits of the Bosphorus and Dardanelles.

But in 1830, the Greek republican aspirations came to a halt. France, Russia and the United Kingdom signed the London Protocol, by which the Greek Constitution was annulled and the independence of Greece depended on its protection. Furthermore, the territory that the Greeks achieved was far less than what they aspired to achieve.

Definitely, the independence of Greece was a relative success. Although they managed to get rid of the Ottoman yoke, they were not able to have a liberal government, as they wanted. The meddling of the European powers forced them to adopt a monarchical system that would last for several decades. Compared to the other Revolutions of 1820, that of Greece was the most successful, since at least they managed to maintain their independence from the great Ottoman Empire.

Passionate about History, he has a degree in Journalism and Audiovisual Communication. Since he was little he loved history and ended up exploring the 18th, 19th and 20th centuries above all.

Video: Greek War of Independence Movie Montage


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